Ophthalmology is one of main branches in medical tourism in Turkey. Advanced technologies and remarkable success in the laser vision correction, cataract treatment, vitrectomy and other procedures and affordable costs makes Turkey a good opportunity for patients abroad.
What is a cataract ?
As you read in the explanation of cataract surgery, it is cloudiness of lens behind your iris. Lens formed out of water and proteins, within aging, proteins in the lens break down and this leads to blurriness of lenses.
The light can not passes through a cloudy lens, light can not be focused and transmitted in the optic nerve clearly, you started to see blurry and unclear.
What is causes cataract?
People who are older than the ’40s but the symptoms start to occur around 60 years old. Half of the people aged 80 have cataract disease. There are some causes that speed up cataract progress, they are:
Steroid medication usage for treating medical conditions
Phenothiazine drugs usage
Eye surgery or eye injury
Radiation treatment of upper part of the body
Long time sun lights unprotected contacts
People should be aware of factors that may show negative causes on vision.
What are the symptoms of cataract?
There are several symptoms that people can realize as a cataract disease. Vision becomes blurry and foggy, you will be more sensitive to bright lights or lamps, sudden nearsightedness development, double vision, need for brighter light, and changes in colors are definitive symptoms of progressing cataract.
Treatment of cataract!
There is two main approaches in cataract treatment. In cataract treatment ophthalmologists uses intraocular lenses which have several types. Patients will get consulted regarding the choice of smart lenses type and taken eye measurements or A-scan biometry.
The most common cataract treatment is the Phacoemulsification procedure in which the surgeon makes a micro-incision in the cornea and inserts a needle-thin probe which with high-frequency sound waves that break the cataract lens. Surgeon insert folded smart lense thought incision, IOL unfolded and takes place in the cleared capsule.
The extracapsular method is a little bit different, the surgeon removes the upper, hard part (nucleus) of the lense and soft cortex sunctioned while the back part of the lens remains back to support the placement of the artificial lens.
Which types of IOL are used in cataract surgery?
The IOL lenses remain in the eye after surgery, there is no need to remove or change lenses. There is important to choose the right lens type for a patient. There are 3 types of IOLS that is used by ophthalmologists.
Multifocal IOLs allow patients to see both near and distance vision. These types of intraocular lenses make it possible to focus on close and far objects at the same time. Patients will adjust to multifocal IOLs if they are placed in both eyes. Therefore, multifocal lenses are not a suitable option for every patient. Multifocal lenses are considered a premium type of lenses and cost higher than other types of smart lenses.
Monofocal IOLs designed for near vision or distance vision. Most mono-focal lenses are used in patients for distance vision and requirements for additional glasses usage to see near objects.
Toric IOLs are another type of monofocal intraocular lenses to correct astigmatism, this premium lens is expensive than monofocal IOLs.
How is the post-surgical process continue?
Cataract surgery takes only 30 minutes and is done under local anesthesia. Your ophthalmologist may give you some directions and ask to use special eye drops and an eye shield to wear few days including sleeping hours. It takes few days to recover and turn back to your daily routine, totally vision correction happens in several weeks after surgery.
What are the advantages and risks of cataract surgery?
A cataract is safe and routine surgery that is done in many centers in the world by professional specialists. The success rate is 99% and complications of this surgery seen very rare. Nevertheless, complications that may occur are cornea swelling and inflammation. There are rare cases when a secondary cataract occurs in the capsule and blurriness grows, but there is not a case of worry, your ophthalmologist makes a (YAG) laser treatment which takes 5 minutes and restores clearness of lense.
Cataract Surgery (Trifocal IOL’s)
Orthopedic specialist consultation
Accompany accommodation in hospital
Medicines and expandable materials
Rhinoplasty surgery under anesthesia
Total stay in Istanbul for 7 days
Hotel accommodation for 6 nights in 5 star hotels
Assistance services for your medical journey